Secondary Education

Header Graphics

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

Overview

This scheme was launched in March, 2009 with the objective to enhance access to secondary education and to improve its quality. The implementation of the scheme started from 2009-10. It is envisaged to achieve an enrolment rate of 75% from 52.26% in 2005-06 at secondary stage within 5 years of implementation of the scheme by providing a secondary school within a reasonable distance of any habitation. The other objectives include improving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, providing universal access to secondary level education by 2017, i.e., by the end of 12th Five Year Plan and achieving universal retention by 2020.

Important physical facilities provided under the scheme are:

(i) Additional class rooms, (ii) Laboratories, (iii) Libraries, (iv) Art and crafts room, (v) Toilet blocks, (vi) Drinking water provisions and (vii) Residential Hostels for Teachers in remote areas.

Important quality interventions provided under the scheme are:

(i) appointment of additional teachers to reduce PTR to 30:1, (ii) focus on Science, Math and English education, (iii) In-service training of teachers, (iv) science laboratories, (v) ICT enabled education, (vi) curriculum reforms; and (vii) teaching learning reforms.

Important equity interventions provided in the scheme are:

(i) special focus in micro planning (ii) preference to Ashram schools for upgradation (iii) preference to areas with concentration of SC/ST/Minority for opening of schools (iv) special enrolment drive for the weaker section (v) more female teachers in schools; and (vi) separate toilet blocks for girls.

Implementation mechanism of the Scheme

The scheme is being implemented by the State government societies established for implementation of the scheme. The central share is released to the implementing agency directly. The applicable State share is also released to the implementing agency by the respective State Governments.

Financial and Physical Progress Under the Scheme

During the 11th Five Year Plan, the Central Government bore 75% of the project expenditure during the 11th Plan, with the remaining 25% being borne by State Governments. However, funding pattern was 90:10 for North Eastern States.

Fund Allocation and Disbursal till 29 August 2013

 

Fund Allocation till 31st October 2013

Year

BE

RE

Actual Expenditure (Released)

2009-10

1353.98

550.00

549.00

2010-11

1700.00

1500.00

1482.00

2011-12

2423.90

2512.85

2500.00

2012-13

3124.00

3172.00

3171.00

2013-14

3983.00

 

-

2404.2

Total

12584.00

7734.85

10106.20

 

  Physical Target and Achievements

 

Sr. No.

Physical Target till 31st March 2014

Achievements

1.

11,000 (approx.) new schools

10230 new schools sanctioned out of which 9219 schools have become functional (as on 31st October 2013)

2

Strengthening of 44,000 existing schools

Strengthening of 34891 existing schools have been approved in which 23407 new science lab, 19641 computer rooms, 25869 libraries, 28969 art/craft/culture rooms, 19401 toilet blocks, 12370 drinking water facilities and 2020 residential quarters  have been approved. Out of these 4632 science labs, 3750 computer rooms, 4721 libraries, 4590 art/craft/culture rooms, 3863 toilet blocks, 3098 drinking water facilities and 338 residential quarters have been completed and remaining structures are in different stages of construction.(as on 31st March 2013)

3

1,79,000 additional teachers

41507 additional teachers have been approved, out of which 21936 additional teachers have been appointed.

4.

Teachers’ recruitment for sanctioned new schools @ 5+1 teachers per new secondary school.

64215 teachers have been sanctioned in respect of new secondary schools out of which 24184 teachers have been recruited.

5

88,500 additional classrooms

49,356 additional classrooms have been approved out of which 9516 additional classrooms have been completed and construction in respect of 8220 additional classrooms is in progress.(as on 31st March 2013)

6

In-service training of all teachers every year

In-service training of all Govt. teachers including Govt. aided school’s teachers have been sanctioned.