Secondary Education

Header Graphics

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

Overview

This scheme was launched in March, 2009 with the objective to enhance access to secondary education and to improve its quality. The implementation of the scheme started from 2009-10. It is envisaged to achieve an enrolment rate of 75% from 52.26% in 2005-06 at secondary stage of implementation of the scheme by providing a secondary school within a reasonable distance of any habitation. The other objectives include improving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, providing universal access to secondary level education by 2017, i.e., by the end of 12th Five Year Plan and achieving universal retention by 2020.

Important physical facilities provided under the scheme are:

(i) Additional class rooms, (ii) Laboratories, (iii) Libraries, (iv) Art and crafts room, (v) Toilet blocks, (vi) Drinking water provisions and (vii) Residential Hostels for Teachers in remote areas.

Important quality interventions provided under the scheme are:

(i) appointment of additional teachers to reduce PTR to 30:1, (ii) focus on Science, Math and English education, (iii) In-service training of teachers, (iv) science laboratories, (v) ICT enabled education, (vi) curriculum reforms; and (vii) teaching learning reforms.

Important equity interventions provided in the scheme are:

(i) special focus in micro planning (ii) preference to Ashram schools for upgradation (iii) preference to areas with concentration of SC/ST/Minority for opening of schools (iv) special enrolment drive for the weaker section (v) more female teachers in schools; and (vi) separate toilet blocks for girls.

Implementation mechanism of the Scheme

The scheme is being implemented by the State government societies established for implementation of the scheme. The central share is released to the implementing agency directly. The applicable State share is also released to the implementing agency by the respective State Governments.

Financial and Physical Progress Under the Scheme

During the 11th Five Year Plan, the Central Government bore 75% of the project expenditure during the 11th Plan, with the remaining 25% being borne by State Governments. However, funding pattern was 90:10 for North Eastern States.

Fund Allocation and Disbursal till 31st March 2014

 

Fund Allocation

Year

BE

RE

Actual Expenditure (Released)

2009-10

1353.98

550.00

549.00

2010-11

1700.00

1500.00

1482.00

2011-12

2423.90

2512.85

2500.00

2012-13

3124.00

3172.00

3171.00

2013-14

3983.00

 

-

3045.88

Total

12584.00

7734.85

10747.88

 

  Physical Target and Achievements                                           (As on 31st March 2014)

Sr. No.

Physical Target

Achievements

1.

11,000 (approx.) new schools

10503 new schools sanctioned out of which 9223 schools have become functional.

2

Strengthening of 44,000 existing schools

Strengthening of 35540 existing schools have been approved in which 24592 new science lab, 20354 computer rooms, 26934 libraries, 30803 art/craft/culture rooms, 19523 toilet blocks, 12273 drinking water facilities and 2114 residential quarters  have been approved. Out of these 7140 science labs, 5120 computer rooms, 7277 libraries, 7756 art/craft/culture rooms, 5772 toilet blocks, 4204 drinking water facilities and 437 residential quarters have been completed and remaining structures are in different stages of construction.

3

1,79,000 additional teachers

41507 additional teachers have been approved, out of which 28895 additional teachers have been appointed.

4.

Teachers’ recruitment for sanctioned new schools @ 5+1 teachers per new secondary school.

65973 teachers have been sanctioned in respect of new secondary schools out of which 30458 teachers have been recruited.

5

88,500 additional classrooms

51767 additional classrooms have been approved out of which 14454 additional classrooms have been completed and construction in respect of 10692 additional classrooms is in progress.

6

In-service training of all teachers every year

In-service training of all Govt. teachers including Govt. aided school’s teachers have been sanctioned.