While Primary Education is a basic enabling factor for participation and freedom, for trading a life with dignity and overcoming basic deprivation, secondary education is the gateway for prosperity, for transforming the economy and establishing social justice in any country. It opens the world of work to the youth of the country and contributes to socio economic development of the Community. Secondary Education is a crucial stage in the educational hierarchy as it prepares the students for higher education and also the world of work. With the liberalization and globalization of the Indian economy, the rapid changes witnessed in scientific and technological world and the general need to improve the quality of life and to reduce poverty, it is essential that schools leavers acquire a higher level of knowledge and skills than what they are provided in the eight years of elementary education, particularly when the average earning of a secondary school certificate holder is significantly higher than that of a person who has studied only up to class VIII.
The policy at present is to make secondary education of good quality available, accessible and affordable to all young persons in the age group of 14-18.
At present, the following schemes targeted at secondary stage (i.e. class IX to XII) are being implemented in the form of Centrally Sponsored Schemes:
1. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
2. Model Schools Scheme
3. Girls Hostel Scheme
4. ICT @ Schools
5. Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage
6. Scheme of Vocational Education
7. National Means-cum Merit Scholarship Scheme
8. National Incentive to Girls
9. Appointment of Language Teachers
In addition to the above the Central Sector schemes of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), Navodaya Vidyalaya Sangathan (NVS), Central Tibetan Schools Administration (CTSA), Indo-Mangolian Schools are being implemented..